Translation of the HOLY QUR’AN – 107.Surat Al-Mā`ūn (The Small Kindnesses) – سورة الماعون

Surat Al-Mā`ūn (The Small Kindnesses) – سورة الماعون

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

[In the Name of ALLAH, the ENTIRELY MERCIFUL, the ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL]

 

107:1

أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ

Pronunciation

Araayta allathee yukaththibu biddeen

Translation

Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Have you seen him who denies the Judgement?, the Requital and the Reckoning, that is to say, ‘Do you know who he is?’ If you do not know him then:

107:2

فَذَٰلِكَ الَّذِي يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيمَ

Pronunciation

Fathalika allathee yaduAAAAualyateem

Translation

For that is the one who drives away the orphan

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

That is he (read an implied huwa after the fā’ [of fa-dhālika]) who repels the orphan, that is to say, [who] violently drives him away from what is his due,

107:3

وَلَا يَحُضُّ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ

Pronunciation

Wala yahuddu AAalataAAami almiskeen

Translation

And does not encourage the feeding of the poor.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and does not urge, either himself or others [to], the feeding of the needy: this was revealed regarding al-‘Āsī b. Wā’il or al-Walīd b. al-Mughīra.

107:4

فَوَيْلٌ لِّلْمُصَلِّينَ

Pronunciation

Fawaylun lilmusalleen

Translation

So woe to those who pray

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So woe to them who pray,

107:5

الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَاتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ

Pronunciation

Allatheena hum AAan salatihimsahoon

Translation

[But] who are heedless of their prayer –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

those who are heedless of their prayers, neglectful, delaying them from their appointed times,

107:6

الَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاءُونَ

Pronunciation

Allatheena hum yuraoon

Translation

Those who make show [of their deeds]

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

those who make a pretence, with prayers and otherwise,

107:7

وَيَمْنَعُونَ الْمَاعُونَ

Pronunciation

WayamnaAAoona almaAAoon

Translation

And withhold [simple] assistance.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and deny aid, as [insignificant as] a needle, a hatchet, a cooking pot or a bowl.

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