Translation of the HOLY QUR’AN – 51.Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt (The Winnowing Winds) – سورة الذاريات

Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt (The Winnowing Winds) – سورة الذاريات

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

[In the Name of ALLAH, the ENTIRELY MERCIFUL, the ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL]

 

51:1

وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا

Pronunciation

Waththariyati tharwa

Translation

By those [winds] scattering [dust] dispersing

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

By the scatterers, the winds that scatter dust and other things, that scatter (dharwan is a verbal noun; one may also say, tadhrīhi dharyan, ‘it blows it [sweeping it] away’);

51:2

فَالْحَامِلَاتِ وِقْرًا

Pronunciation

Falhamilati wiqra

Translation

And those [clouds] carrying a load [of water]

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and those that bear, the clouds that bear moisture [as], a burden (wiqran is the direct object of al-hāmilat, ‘those that bear’);

51:3

فَالْجَارِيَاتِ يُسْرًا

Pronunciation

Faljariyati yusra

Translation

And those [ships] sailing with ease

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and those that run, the ships that run upon the surface of the water, with ease (yusran is a verbal noun functioning as a circumstantial qualifier, that is to say, muyassaratan);

51:4

فَالْمُقَسِّمَاتِ أَمْرًا

Pronunciation

Falmuqassimati amra

Translation

And those [angels] apportioning [each] matter,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and those that apportion by command: the angels who distribute provisions and the rains and other things across the lands and to [all] servants,

51:5

إِنَّمَا تُوعَدُونَ لَصَادِقٌ

Pronunciation

Innama tooAAadoona lasadiq

Translation

Indeed, what you are promised is true.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

assuredly what you are promised (mā, ‘what’, relates to the verbal action), in other words, the promise given to them of resurrection and other matters, is true, is indeed a true promise,

51:6

وَإِنَّ الدِّينَ لَوَاقِعٌ

Pronunciation

Wa-inna addeena lawaqiAA

Translation

And indeed, the recompense is to occur.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and assuredly judgement, requital after the reckoning, will take place!, without doubt.

51:7

وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ

Pronunciation

Wassama-i thati alhubuk

Translation

By the heaven containing pathways,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And by the heaven with all its tracks (hubuk is the plural of habīka, similar [in pattern and meaning] to turuq, tarīqa, ‘paths’), that is to say, [by the heaven] that is created with tracks similar to tracks made in the sand,

51:8

إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي قَوْلٍ مُّخْتَلِفٍ

Pronunciation

Innakum lafee qawlin mukhtalif

Translation

Indeed, you are in differing speech.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

indeed you, O people of Mecca, with regard to the matter of the Prophet (s) and the Qur’ān, are of differing opinions: some say [of the Prophet that he is] ‘a poet’, ‘a sorcerer’, or ‘a soothsayer’, and [of the Qur’ān, that it is] ‘poetry’, ‘sorcery’, or ‘soothsaying’.

51:9

يُؤْفَكُ عَنْهُ مَنْ أُفِكَ

Pronunciation

Yu/faku AAanhu man ofik

Translation

Deluded away from the Qur’an is he who is deluded.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

He is turned away therefrom, from the Prophet (s) and the Qur’ān, that is, [turned away] from believing therein, who has deviated, [who has been] turned away from guidance in God’s, exalted be He.

51:10

قُتِلَ الْخَرَّاصُونَ

Pronunciation

Qutila alkharrasoon

Translation

Destroyed are the falsifiers

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Perish the conjecturers, accursed be the liars, those of differing opinions,

51:11

الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ سَاهُونَ

Pronunciation

Allatheena hum fee ghamratin sahoon

Translation

Who are within a flood [of confusion] and heedless.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

who are in a stupor, in ignorance that has stupefied them, heedless, oblivious of the matter of the Hereafter.

51:12

يَسْأَلُونَ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

Pronunciation

Yas-aloona ayyana yawmu addeen

Translation

They ask, “When is the Day of Recompense?”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They ask, the Prophet, asking [him] derisively: ‘When is the Day of Judgement?’, in other words, ‘when will it come?’, and the response [given] to them is that it will come:

51:13

يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ

Pronunciation

Yawma hum AAala annariyuftanoon

Translation

[It is] the Day they will be tormented over the Fire

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

on the day when they will be tormented in the Fire, that is to say, chastised in it, and it will be said to them during the chastisement:

51:14

ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَٰذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ

Pronunciation

Thooqoo fitnatakum hatha allatheekuntum bihi tastaAAjiloon

Translation

[And will be told], “Taste your torment. This is that for which you were impatient.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

‘Taste this torment of yours, this chastisement of yours. This, chastisement, is what you sought to hasten on!’, in the world in derision.

51:15

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ

Pronunciation

Inna almuttaqeena fee jannatinwaAAuyoon

Translation

Indeed, the righteous will be among gardens and springs,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Truly the God-fearing will be amid gardens, orchards, and springs, flowing therein,

51:16

آخِذِينَ مَا آتَاهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَٰلِكَ مُحْسِنِينَ

Pronunciation

Akhitheena ma atahumrabbuhum innahum kanoo qabla thalika muhsineen

Translation

Accepting what their Lord has given them. Indeed, they were before that doers of good.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

receiving (ākhidhīna is a circumstantial qualifier referring to the person of the predicate of inna, ‘truly’) what their Lord has given them, of reward, for indeed formerly, [before] their entering Paradise, they had been virtuous, in the world.

51:17

كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ

Pronunciation

Kanoo qaleelan mina allayli mayahjaAAoon

Translation

They used to sleep but little of the night,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Little of the night did they use to sleep (mā is extra; yahja‘ūna is the predicate of kānū; qalīlan, ‘little’, is an adverb), in other words, they used to sleep for a small portion of the night and perform prayers during most of it,

51:18

وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ

Pronunciation

Wabil-ashari humyastaghfiroon

Translation

And in the hours before dawn they would ask forgiveness,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and at dawns they used to seek forgiveness: they used say, ‘Our Lord! Forgive us’,

51:19

وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِّلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ

Pronunciation

Wafee amwalihim haqqun lissa-iliwalmahroom

Translation

And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and there was a share in their wealth [assigned] for the beggar and the deprived, [the latter being] the one who does not beg, because of his self-restraint.

51:20

وَفِي الْأَرْضِ آيَاتٌ لِّلْمُوقِنِينَ

Pronunciation

Wafee al-ardi ayatunlilmooqineen

Translation

And on the earth are signs for the certain [in faith]

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And in the earth, in the way of mountains, seas, trees, fruits, plants and other things, there are signs, indications of God’s power, glory be to Him, exalted be He, and of His Oneness, for those who know with certainty,

51:21

وَفِي أَنفُسِكُمْ ۚ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ

Pronunciation

Wafee anfusikum afala tubsiroon

Translation

And in yourselves. Then will you not see?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and in your souls, there are also signs, from the beginning of your creation to its end, and in the marvelous aspects of your creation. Will you not then perceive?, [all] that and thus infer therefrom the Creator of it and His power.

51:22

وَفِي السَّمَاءِ رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ

Pronunciation

Wafee assama-i rizqukum wamatooAAadoon

Translation

And in the heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And in the heaven is your provision, that is, the rain from which results the vegetation that is [your] provision, and [there is also] what you are promised, in the way of [the ultimate] return, reward and punishment, in other words, all of this is foreordained in the heaven.

51:23

فَوَرَبِّ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ لَحَقٌّ مِّثْلَ مَا أَنَّكُمْ تَنطِقُونَ

Pronunciation

Fawarabbi assama-i wal-ardiinnahu lahaqqun mithla ma annakum tantiqoon

Translation

Then by the Lord of the heaven and earth, indeed, it is truth – just as [sure as] it is that you are speaking.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So by the Lord of the heaven and the earth, it, that which you are promised, is as assuredly true as [the fact] that you have [power of] speech (read mithlu, in the nominative, as an adjective, with the mā being extra; or read mithla, in the accusative, as being a compound with mā), that is to say: [it is as true] as your speech is in reality, that is, in your knowing it to be [true] necessarily by its issuing from you.

51:24

هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ

Pronunciation

Hal ataka hadeethu dayfiibraheema almukrameen

Translation

Has there reached you the story of the honored guests of Abraham? –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Has the story reached you — addressing the Prophet (s) — of Abraham’s honoured guests? — these were [said to be either] twelve, ten or three angels, one of whom was Gabriel.

51:25

إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا ۖ قَالَ سَلَامٌ قَوْمٌ مُّنكَرُونَ

Pronunciation

Ith dakhaloo AAalayhi faqaloosalaman qala salamun qawmun munkaroon

Translation

When they entered upon him and said, “[We greet you with] peace.” He answered, “[And upon you] peace, [you are] a people unknown.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

When (idh is an adverbial qualifier of hadīthu dayfi, ‘the story of the guests’) they entered upon him and said, ‘Peace!’ — in other words [they said] these very words. He said, ‘Peace!’ — [also] these very words — [These are] an unfamiliar folk, whom we do not know — he said this to himself (qawmun munkarūna is the predicate of an implicit subject such as hā’ūlā’i, ‘these are’).

51:26

فَرَاغَ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ فَجَاءَ بِعِجْلٍ سَمِينٍ

Pronunciation

Faragha ila ahlihi fajaabiAAijlin sameen

Translation

Then he went to his family and came with a fat [roasted] calf

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Then he went aside to his family, secretly, and brought a fat calf — in sūrat Hūd [it is said], a roasted calf [Q. 11:69] —

51:27

فَقَرَّبَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ أَلَا تَأْكُلُونَ

Pronunciation

Faqarrabahu ilayhim qala alata/kuloon

Translation

And placed it near them; he said, “Will you not eat?”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and he placed it near them saying, ‘Will you not eat?’: he invited them to eat, but they did not respond.

51:28

فَأَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً ۖ قَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ ۖ وَبَشَّرُوهُ بِغُلَامٍ عَلِيمٍ

Pronunciation

Faawjasa minhum kheefatan qaloo latakhaf wabashsharoohu bighulamin AAaleem

Translation

And he felt from them apprehension. They said, “Fear not,” and gave him good tidings of a learned boy.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Then he conceived, he kept secret in himself, a fear of them. They said, ‘Do not be afraid!’, we are messengers from your Lord. And they gave him good tidings of [the birth of] a knowledgeable boy, one endowed with much knowledge, and this was Isaac, as mentioned in sūrat Hūd [Q. 11:71].

51:29

فَأَقْبَلَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ فِي صَرَّةٍ فَصَكَّتْ وَجْهَهَا وَقَالَتْ عَجُوزٌ عَقِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Faaqbalati imraatuhu fee sarratin fasakkatwajhaha waqalat AAajoozun AAaqeem

Translation

And his wife approached with a cry [of alarm] and struck her face and said, “[I am] a barren old woman!”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Then his wife, Sarah, came forward clamouring, shouting (fī sarratin is a circumstantial qualifier, that is to say, she came shouting) and smote, slapped, her face, and said, ‘A barren old woman!’, who has never given birth to a child, aged ninety-nine, with Abraham being one hundred years old; or [alternatively] he was a hundred and twenty years old and she was ninety years old.

51:30

قَالُوا كَذَٰلِكِ قَالَ رَبُّكِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ

Pronunciation

Qaloo kathaliki qalarabbuki innahu huwa alhakeemu alAAaleem

Translation

They said, “Thus has said your Lord; indeed, He is the Wise, the Knowing.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘So, just like what we have said with regard to the good tiding, has your Lord said. Indeed He is the Wise, in His actions, the Knower’, of His creatures.

51:31

قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Qala fama khatbukumayyuha almursaloon

Translation

[Abraham] said, “Then what is your business [here], O messengers?”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

He said, ‘So what is your business, O you who have been sent [by God]?’

51:32

قَالُوا إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ مُّجْرِمِينَ

Pronunciation

Qaloo inna orsilna ilaqawmin mujrimeen

Translation

They said, “Indeed, we have been sent to a people of criminals

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘Lo! we have been sent to a guilty folk, disbelievers — these were the people of Lot —

51:33

لِنُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِّن طِينٍ

Pronunciation

Linursila AAalayhim hijaratanmin teen

Translation

To send down upon them stones of clay,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

that we may unleash upon them stones of clay, baked in fire,

51:34

مُّسَوَّمَةً عِندَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُسْرِفِينَ

Pronunciation

Musawwamatan AAinda rabbika lilmusrifeen

Translation

Marked in the presence of your Lord for the transgressors.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

marked, bearing the name of the person at whom it will be hurled, by your Lord (‘inda rabbika is an adverbial qualifier of musawwamatan, ‘marked’) for [the destruction of] the prodigal’, for coming unto males in addition to their disbelief.

51:35

فَأَخْرَجْنَا مَن كَانَ فِيهَا مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Pronunciation

Faakhrajna man kana feehamina almu/mineen

Translation

So We brought out whoever was in the cities of the believers.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So We brought forth those in them, that is, [in] the towns of the people of Lot, who were believers, in order to destroy the disbelievers;

51:36

فَمَا وَجَدْنَا فِيهَا غَيْرَ بَيْتٍ مِّنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

Pronunciation

Fama wajadna feehaghayra baytin mina almuslimeen

Translation

And We found not within them other than a [single] house of Muslims.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

but We did not find therein other than one house of those who had submitted [to God]: these were Lot and his two daughters. They have been described [here] with [the terms] ‘belief’ and ‘submission’ because they had affirmed [faith] in their hearts and used their limbs to perform acts of obedience.

51:37

وَتَرَكْنَا فِيهَا آيَةً لِّلَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ

Pronunciation

Watarakna feeha ayatanlillatheena yakhafoona alAAathaba al-aleem

Translation

And We left therein a sign for those who fear the painful punishment.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And We left therein, after destroying the disbelievers, a sign, an indication of their destruction, for those who fear the painful chastisement, so that they may not do what these [sinners] did.

51:38

وَفِي مُوسَىٰ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَاهُ إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ بِسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

Pronunciation

Wafee moosa ith arsanahuila firAAawna bisultanin mubeen

Translation

And in Moses [was a sign], when We sent him to Pharaoh with clear authority.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And [a sign too] in Moses (wa-fī Mūsā is a supplement to fīhā, ‘therein’), that is to say, We also left a sign in the story of Moses, when We sent him to Pharaoh, vested, with a clear warrant, with a manifest proof;

51:39

فَتَوَلَّىٰ بِرُكْنِهِ وَقَالَ سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ

Pronunciation

Fatawalla biruknihi waqala sahirunaw majnoon

Translation

But he turned away with his supporters and said,” A magician or a madman.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

but he turned away, he rejected belief, to his supports (bi-ruknihi), his hosts, [so called] because to him they are like a support [rukn], saying, to Moses that he [Moses] was: ‘A sorcerer, or a madman!’

51:40

فَأَخَذْنَاهُ وَجُنُودَهُ فَنَبَذْنَاهُمْ فِي الْيَمِّ وَهُوَ مُلِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Faakhathnahu wajunoodahufanabathnahum fee alyammi wahuwa muleem

Translation

So We took him and his soldiers and cast them into the sea, and he was blameworthy.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So We seized him and his hosts and cast, flung, them into the waters, the sea, and so they drowned, for he, that is, Pharaoh, was blameworthy, guilty of what is blameworthy, such as denying the messengers and claiming divinity.

51:41

وَفِي عَادٍ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ

Pronunciation

Wafee AAadin ith arsalnaAAalayhimu arreeha alAAaqeem

Translation

And in ‘Aad [was a sign], when We sent against them the barren wind.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And [also] in, the destruction of, ‘Ād, was a sign, when We unleashed against them a barren wind, [a wind] which brings nothing of good, for it does not bear any rain and does not pollinate any trees; this [wind] was the west wind (al-dabūr).

51:42

مَا تَذَرُ مِن شَيْءٍ أَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا جَعَلَتْهُ كَالرَّمِيمِ

Pronunciation

Ma tatharu min shay-in atatAAalayhi illa jaAAalat-hu karrameem

Translation

It left nothing of what it came upon but that it made it like disintegrated ruins.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

It did not leave anything, any soul or property, that it came upon without making it like decayed bones, like something that is withered and in scattered pieces.

51:43

وَفِي ثَمُودَ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَمَتَّعُوا حَتَّىٰ حِينٍ

Pronunciation

Wafee thamooda ith qeela lahumtamattaAAoo hatta heen

Translation

And in Thamud, when it was said to them, “Enjoy yourselves for a time.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And [also] in, the destruction of, Thamūd, was a sign, when it was said to them, after the hamstringing of the she-camel, ‘Enjoy [yourselves] for a while!’, until the end of your terms [of life] — as stated in the [other] verse, ‘Enjoy [yourselves] in your dwellings for three days’ [Q.11:65].

51:44

فَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ

Pronunciation

FaAAataw AAan amri rabbihim faakhathat-humuassaAAiqatu wahum yanthuroon

Translation

But they were insolent toward the command of their Lord, so the thunderbolt seized them while they were looking on.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Then they defied, they scorned, the command of their Lord, [refraining] from implementing it; so the thunderbolt, that is, the destructive cry, seized them, after the three days had passed, as they were looking around, in other words, [it seized them] in the daytime.

51:45

فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مِن قِيَامٍ وَمَا كَانُوا مُنتَصِرِينَ

Pronunciation

Fama istataAAoo min qiyaminwama kanoo muntasireen

Translation

And they were unable to arise, nor could they defend themselves.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So they were unable to rise up, they could not get up upon the sending down of the chastisement, nor were they victors, over the One Who destroyed them.

51:46

وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِّن قَبْلُ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ

Pronunciation

Waqawma noohin min qablu innahum kanooqawman fasiqeen

Translation

And [We destroyed] the people of Noah before; indeed, they were a people defiantly disobedient.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the people of Noah (read wa qawmi Nūhin, as a supplement to Thamūda, in other words: ‘in the destruction of these [two peoples] by what [destructive power] exists in the heavens and the earth there is [also] a sign’; or read wa qawma Nūhin, in other words, ‘We also destroyed the people of Noah’) aforetime, that is, before the destruction of those mentioned. Indeed they were an immoral lot.

51:47

وَالسَّمَاءَ بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ

Pronunciation

Wassamaa banaynahabi-aydin wa-inna lamoosiAAoon

Translation

And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the heaven, We built it with might, and indeed We are powerful (one says āda’l-rajulu or ya’īdu, to mean, ‘he is strong’; and awsa‘a’l-rajulu, to mean, ‘he has become capable [dhū sa‘a] and strong’).

51:48

وَالْأَرْضَ فَرَشْنَاهَا فَنِعْمَ الْمَاهِدُونَ

Pronunciation

Wal-arda farashnahafaniAAma almahidoon

Translation

And the earth We have spread out, and excellent is the preparer.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the earth, We spread it out: We made it level: what excellent Spreaders then!, We are.

51:49

وَمِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Pronunciation

Wamin kulli shay-in khalaqna zawjaynilaAAallakum tathakkaroon

Translation

And of all things We created two mates; perhaps you will remember.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And of all things (wa-min kulli shay’in is semantically connected to His [following] words khalaqnā) We created pairs, two kinds, such as male and female, heaven and earth, sun and moon, plain and mountain, summer and winter, sweet and bitter, light and darkness, that perhaps you might remember (tadhakkarūna: one of the two original tā’ letters [of tatadhakkarūna] has been omitted), and hence realise that the Creator of pairs is [Himself] Singular, that you might then worship him.

51:50

فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُم مِّنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Pronunciation

Fafirroo ila Allahi inneelakum minhu natheerun mubeen

Translation

So flee to Allah. Indeed, I am to you from Him a clear warner.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So flee unto God, that is to say, away from His punishment toward His reward by being obedient to Him and not disobeying Him. Truly I am a clear warner to you from Him.

51:51

وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ ۖ إِنِّي لَكُم مِّنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ

Pronunciation

Wala tajAAaloo maAAa Allahi ilahanakhara innee lakum minhu natheerun mubeen

Translation

And do not make [as equal] with Allah another deity. Indeed, I am to you from Him a clear warner.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And do not set up another god alongside God. Truly I am a clear warner to you from Him (before fa-firrū, ‘so flee’, one may read an implicit [preceding] qul lahum, ‘Say to them’).

51:52

كَذَٰلِكَ مَا أَتَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا قَالُوا سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ

Pronunciation

Kathalika ma ata allatheenamin qablihim min rasoolin illa qaloo sahirunaw majnoon

Translation

Similarly, there came not to those before them any messenger except that they said, “A magician or a madman.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Thus there did not come to those who were before them any messenger but they said, that he was: ‘A sorcerer, or a madman!’, in other words, their denial of you, by saying that you are a sorcerer or a madman, was like the denial of communities before them of their messengers by saying that [same thing].

51:53

أَتَوَاصَوْا بِهِ ۚ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ طَاغُونَ

Pronunciation

Atawasaw bihi bal hum qawmun taghoon

Translation

Did they suggest it to them? Rather, they [themselves] are a transgressing people.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Have they, all, enjoined this upon one another? (an interrogative intended as a denial). Nay, but they are an insolent folk, [a folk] whose own [proclivity to] insolence has made them all say the same thing.

51:54

فَتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَمَا أَنتَ بِمَلُومٍ

Pronunciation

Fatawalla AAanhum fama anta bimaloom

Translation

So leave them, [O Muhammad], for you are not to be blamed.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So shun them, for you will not be reproached, because you have conveyed the Message to them.

51:55

وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَىٰ تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

Pronunciation

Wathakkir fa-inna aththikratanfaAAu almu/mineen

Translation

And remind, for indeed, the reminder benefits the believers.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And remind, admonish by the Qur’ān, for reminding truly benefits believers, [these being] those whom God knows that they will believe.

51:56

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

Pronunciation

Wama khalaqtu aljinna wal-insailla liyaAAbudoon

Translation

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except that they may worship Me: the fact that disbelievers do not worship [God] does not contradict this [statement], since a purpose does not have to be realised [in an act, for it to be valid], as when you may say: ‘I sharpened this pencil in order to write with it’, even though you might not actually write with it.

51:57

مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ

Pronunciation

Ma oreedu minhum min rizqin wamaoreedu an yutAAimoon

Translation

I do not want from them any provision, nor do I want them to feed Me.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

I do not desire from them any provision, [either] for Myself, for themselves, or for others, nor do I desire that they should feed Me, or [feed] themselves or others.

51:58

إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

Pronunciation

Inna Allaha huwa arrazzaquthoo alquwwati almateen

Translation

Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Indeed it is God Who is the Provider, the Lord of Strength, the Firm, the Stern.

51:59

فَإِنَّ لِلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا ذَنُوبًا مِّثْلَ ذَنُوبِ أَصْحَابِهِمْ فَلَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونِ

Pronunciation

Fa-inna lillatheena thalamoothanooban mithla thanoobi as-habihimfala yastaAAjiloon

Translation

And indeed, for those who have wronged is a portion [of punishment] like the portion of their predecessors, so let them not impatiently urge Me.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And for those who have wronged, their souls through disbelief, from among the people of Mecca and others, there will assuredly be a lot, a share of chastisement, like the lot, the share, of their counterparts, who perished before them. So let them not ask Me to hasten on, the chastisement, should I give them respite until the Day of Resurrection.

51:60

فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن يَوْمِهِمُ الَّذِي يُوعَدُونَ

Pronunciation

Fawaylun lillatheena kafaroo minyawmihimu allathee yooAAadoon

Translation

And woe to those who have disbelieved from their Day which they are promised.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

For woe, a terrible chastisement [will come], to those who disbelieve, from, upon, that day of theirs which they are promised, that is, the Day of Resurrection.

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