Translation of the HOLY QUR’AN – 36.Surat Yā-Sīn (Ya Sin) – سورة يس

Surat Yā-Sīn (Ya Sin) – سورة يس

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

[In the Name of ALLAH, the ENTIRELY MERCIFUL, the ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL]

 

36:1

يس

Pronunciation

Ya-seen

Translation

Ya, Seen.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Yā sīn: God knows best what He means by these [letters].

36:2

وَالْقُرْآنِ الْحَكِيمِ

Pronunciation

Walqur-ani alhakeem

Translation

By the wise Qur’an.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

By the Definitive Qur’ān, made definitive by its marvellous arrangement and unique meanings,

36:3

إِنَّكَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Pronunciation

Innaka lamina almursaleen

Translation

Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

you, O Muhammad (s), are indeed of those sent [by God],

36:4

عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

Pronunciation

AAala siratin mustaqeem

Translation

On a straight path.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

on a (‘alā is semantically connected to the preceding [statement]) straight path, that is, [you follow] the way of the prophets before you, [enjoining] the affirmation of God’s Oneness and guidance (the emphasis expressed by the oath [in ‘by the definitive Qur’ān’] and the remainder [of the statement] is a response to the disbelievers’ saying to him, ‘You have not been sent [by God]!’ [Q. 13:43].

36:5

تَنزِيلَ الْعَزِيزِ الرَّحِيمِ

Pronunciation

Tanzeela alAAazeezi arraheem

Translation

[This is] a revelation of the Exalted in Might, the Merciful,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

A revelation from the Mighty, in His kingdom, the Merciful, to His creatures (tanzīla’l-‘azīzi’l-rahīm is the predicate of an implicit subject, namely, al-qur’ān),

36:6

لِتُنذِرَ قَوْمًا مَّا أُنذِرَ آبَاؤُهُمْ فَهُمْ غَافِلُونَ

Pronunciation

Litunthira qawman ma onthiraabaohum fahum ghafiloon

Translation

That you may warn a people whose forefathers were not warned, so they are unaware.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

that you may warn, therewith, a people (qawman, connected to tanzīla, ‘a revelation’) whose fathers were not warned, in the period of the interval (al-fatra), so they, this people, are oblivious, to faith and right guidance.

36:7

لَقَدْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَىٰ أَكْثَرِهِمْ فَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Pronunciation

Laqad haqqa alqawlu AAalaaktharihim fahum la yu/minoon

Translation

Already the word has come into effect upon most of them, so they do not believe.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

The word, for chastisement, has already proved true, it has become due, for most of them, for they, in other words, most of them, will not believe.

36:8

إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا فِي أَعْنَاقِهِمْ أَغْلَالًا فَهِيَ إِلَى الْأَذْقَانِ فَهُم مُّقْمَحُونَ

Pronunciation

Inna jaAAalna fee aAAnaqihimaghlalan fahiya ila al-athqani fahummuqmahoon

Translation

Indeed, We have put shackles on their necks, and they are to their chins, so they are with heads [kept] aloft.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Indeed We have put fetters around their necks, to bind to them their hands (because ghull [is a fetter that] shackles the hands to the neck), such that they, the hands, are, bound, up to the chins (adhqān is the plural of dhaqan, which is where the two sides of the beard meet) so that their heads are upturned, they are unable to lower them: this [statement] is figurative and is meant to indicate their inability to yield to faith or to lower their heads to it.

36:9

وَجَعَلْنَا مِن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ سَدًّا وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ سَدًّا فَأَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ

Pronunciation

WajaAAalna min bayni aydeehim saddanwamin khalfihim saddan faaghshaynahum fahum la yubsiroon

Translation

And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And We have set before them a barrier (read saddan or suddan in both instances) and behind them a barrier; so We have covered them, so they do not see — this is also figurative, depicting the way in which the paths of faith are closed to them.

36:10

وَسَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Pronunciation

Wasawaon AAalayhim aanthartahumam lam tunthirhum la yu/minoon

Translation

And it is all the same for them whether you warn them or do not warn them – they will not believe.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And it is the same to them whether you warn them (read a-andhartuhum, pronouncing both hamzas; or by substituting an alif for the second one; or by not pronouncing the second one but inserting an alif between the one not pronounced and the other one, or without [the insertion]) or do not warn them, they will not believe.

36:11

إِنَّمَا تُنذِرُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ الذِّكْرَ وَخَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ ۖ فَبَشِّرْهُ بِمَغْفِرَةٍ وَأَجْرٍ كَرِيمٍ

Pronunciation

Innama tunthiru mani ittabaAAaaththikra wakhashiya arrahmanabilghaybi fabashshirhu bimaghfiratin waajrin kareem

Translation

You can only warn one who follows the message and fears the Most Merciful unseen. So give him good tidings of forgiveness and noble reward.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

You can only warn, in other words, your warning will only benefit, him who follows the Remembrance, the Qur’ān, and fears the Compassionate One in secret, who fears Him despite not having seen Him; so give him the good tidings of forgiveness and a noble reward, namely, Paradise.

36:12

إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ وَنَكْتُبُ مَا قَدَّمُوا وَآثَارَهُمْ ۚ وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُّبِينٍ

Pronunciation

Inna nahnu nuhyeealmawta wanaktubu ma qaddamoo waatharahumwakulla shay-in ahsaynahu fee imamin mubeen

Translation

Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Truly it is We Who bring the dead to life, for the resurrection, and record, in the Preserved Tablet, what they have sent ahead, during their lives, of good or evil, that they may be requited for it, and their vestiges, what conduct was followed after them as good practice. And everything (kulla shay’in is in the accusative because of the verb that governs it [and is the following]) We have numbered, We have recorded precisely, in a clear register, a clear Book, namely, the Preserved Tablet.

36:13

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُم مَّثَلًا أَصْحَابَ الْقَرْيَةِ إِذْ جَاءَهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Wadrib lahum mathalan as-habaalqaryati ith jaaha almursaloon

Translation

And present to them an example: the people of the city, when the messengers came to it –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And strike for them as a similitude (mathalan is the first direct object) the inhabitants (ashāba is the second direct object) of the town, [of] Antioch (Antākya), when the messengers, namely, Jesus’s disciples, came to it (idh jā’ahā’l-mursalūna is an inclusive substitution for ashāba’l-qaryati, ‘the inhabitants of the town’).

36:14

إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمُ اثْنَيْنِ فَكَذَّبُوهُمَا فَعَزَّزْنَا بِثَالِثٍ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا إِلَيْكُم مُّرْسَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Ith arsalna ilayhimu ithnaynifakaththaboohuma faAAazzazna bithalithinfaqaloo inna ilaykum mursaloon

Translation

When We sent to them two but they denied them, so We strengthened them with a third, and they said, “Indeed, we are messengers to you.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

When We sent to them two men, and they denied them both (from idh arsalnā ilayhim ithnayni fa-kadhdhabūhumā to the end is a substitution for the previous idh, ‘when’), so We reinforced [them] (read fa-‘azaznā or fa-‘azzaznā, in other words, We reinforced the two men) with a third, and they said, ‘We have indeed been sent to you [by God]’.

36:15

قَالُوا مَا أَنتُمْ إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُنَا وَمَا أَنزَلَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ مِن شَيْءٍ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا تَكْذِبُونَ

Pronunciation

Qaloo ma antum illabasharun mithluna wama anzala arrahmanumin shay-in in antum illa takthiboon

Translation

They said, “You are not but human beings like us, and the Most Merciful has not revealed a thing. You are only telling lies.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘You are nothing but humans like us, and the Compassionate One has revealed nothing. You are only lying!’

36:16

قَالُوا رَبُّنَا يَعْلَمُ إِنَّا إِلَيْكُمْ لَمُرْسَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Qaloo rabbuna yaAAlamu innailaykum lamursaloon

Translation

They said, “Our Lord knows that we are messengers to you,

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘Our Lord knows (qālū rabbunā ya‘lamu functions like an oath. Emphasis is intensified by this [oath] and also by the [addition of the] lām to what was before [simply, mursalūna, ‘we have been sent’] to counter their intensified denial) that we have indeed been sent to you [by Him]!

36:17

وَمَا عَلَيْنَا إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ

Pronunciation

Wama AAalayna illaalbalaghu almubeen

Translation

And we are not responsible except for clear notification.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And our duty is only to communicate in clear terms’, to deliver the Message clearly and manifestly with plain proofs, such as the curing of the blind, the leper and the diseased and the bringing of the dead back to life.

36:18

قَالُوا إِنَّا تَطَيَّرْنَا بِكُمْ ۖ لَئِن لَّمْ تَنتَهُوا لَنَرْجُمَنَّكُمْ وَلَيَمَسَّنَّكُم مِّنَّا عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Qaloo inna tatayyarnabikum la-in lam tantahoo lanarjumannakum walayamassannakum minnaAAathabun aleem

Translation

They said, “Indeed, we consider you a bad omen. If you do not desist, we will surely stone you, and there will surely touch you, from us, a painful punishment.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘We augur ill of you, for we have been deprived of rain because of you. If (la-in: the lām is for oaths) you do not desist, we will surely stone you and there shall befall you, at our hands, a painful chastisement’.

36:19

قَالُوا طَائِرُكُم مَّعَكُمْ ۚ أَئِن ذُكِّرْتُم ۚ بَلْ أَنتُمْ قَوْمٌ مُّسْرِفُونَ

Pronunciation

Qaloo ta-irukum maAAakum a-in thukkirtumbal antum qawmun musrifoon

Translation

They said, “Your omen is with yourselves. Is it because you were reminded? Rather, you are a transgressing people.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They said, ‘May your augury of ill be with you!, [as punishment] for your disbelief. What! [Even] if (a-in: the interrogative hamza has been added to the conditional in, ‘if’, the hamza may be pronounced or elided, but in both cases add an alif between it and the other one) [it be that] you are being reminded?, [even if] you are being admonished and made to fear [God’s chastisement]? (the response to the conditional has been omitted, that is to say, ‘do you augur ill and disbelieve [even if it be that you are being admonished]?’ and this [response] constitutes the object of the interrogative, which is meant [rhetorically] as a rebuke). Nay, but you are a profligate people!’, who transgressing the bounds [set by God] with your [practice of] idolatry.

36:20

وَجَاءَ مِنْ أَقْصَى الْمَدِينَةِ رَجُلٌ يَسْعَىٰ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اتَّبِعُوا الْمُرْسَلِينَ

Pronunciation

Wajaa min aqsa almadeenatirajulun yasAAa qala ya qawmi ittabiAAooalmursaleen

Translation

And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, “O my people, follow the messengers.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And there came a man from the furthest part of the city — this was Habīb the carpenter, who had believed in these messengers and whose house lay at the far end of the city — hastening, with a hurried pace, after he had heard that the people had denied the messengers. He said, ‘O my people, follow the messengers!

36:21

اتَّبِعُوا مَن لَّا يَسْأَلُكُمْ أَجْرًا وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

Pronunciation

IttabiAAoo man la yas-alukum ajranwahum muhtadoon

Translation

Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Follow (ittabi‘ū, this reiterates the preceding [ittabi‘ū]) them who do not ask you for any reward, in return for [delivering to you] the message, and who are rightly guided. And so he was asked, ‘Do you follow their religion?’ So he replied:

36:22

وَمَا لِيَ لَا أَعْبُدُ الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Pronunciation

Wama liya la aAAbudu allatheefataranee wa-ilayhi turjaAAoon

Translation

And why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And why should I not worship Him Who originated me, [Him Who] created me — in other words: there is nothing to prevent me from worshipping Him when the necessitating factors for this exist, and the same applies to you — and to Whom you shall be returned?, after death, whereupon He will requite you for your disbelief.

36:23

أَأَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً إِن يُرِدْنِ الرَّحْمَٰنُ بِضُرٍّ لَّا تُغْنِ عَنِّي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يُنقِذُونِ

Pronunciation

Aattakhithu min doonihi alihatanin yuridni arrahmanu bidurrin la tughniAAannee shafaAAatuhum shay-an wala yunqithoon

Translation

Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Shall I take (a-attakhidu: regarding the two hamzas here, the same applies as mentioned with regard to a-andhartuhum above; this is an interrogative meant as a denial) besides Him, in other words, other than Him, [other] gods, idols, whose intercession, [that intercession of theirs] which you assert, if the Compassionate One should wish me any harm, will not avail me in any way, nor will they [be able to] save me? (wa-lā yunqidhūn is an adjectival qualification of ālihatan, ‘gods’).

36:24

إِنِّي إِذًا لَّفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Pronunciation

Innee ithan lafee dalalinmubeen

Translation

Indeed, I would then be in manifest error.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Truly then, in other words, in the case of me worshipping [gods] other than God, I would be in manifest error.

36:25

إِنِّي آمَنتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ فَاسْمَعُونِ

Pronunciation

Innee amantu birabbikum fasmaAAoon

Translation

Indeed, I have believed in your Lord, so listen to me.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Lo! I believe in your Lord. So listen to me!’, in other words, hear what I have to say; but they stoned him and he died.

36:26

قِيلَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ ۖ قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ قَوْمِي يَعْلَمُونَ

Pronunciation

Qeela odkhuli aljannata qala yalayta qawmee yaAAlamoon

Translation

It was said, “Enter Paradise.” He said, “I wish my people could know

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

It was said, to him upon his death: ‘Enter Paradise!’ — but it is also said that he entered it while he was [still] alive. He said, ‘O (yā is for calling attention [to something]), would that my people knew

36:27

بِمَا غَفَرَ لِي رَبِّي وَجَعَلَنِي مِنَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ

Pronunciation

Bima ghafara lee rabbee wajaAAalaneemina almukrameen

Translation

Of how my Lord has forgiven me and placed me among the honored.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

with what [munificence] my Lord has forgiven me, [would that they knew] of His great forgiveness, and made me of the honoured ones!’

36:28

وَمَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ مِن بَعْدِهِ مِن جُندٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا كُنَّا مُنزِلِينَ

Pronunciation

Wama anzalna AAalaqawmihi min baAAdihi min jundin mina assama-i wamakunna munzileen

Translation

And We did not send down upon his people after him any soldiers from the heaven, nor would We have done so.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And We did not send (mā here is for negation) down on his people, namely, Habīb’s, after him, after his death, any host from the heaven, that is, any angels to destroy them, nor do We [ever] send down, any angels to destroy anyone.

36:29

إِن كَانَتْ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ خَامِدُونَ

Pronunciation

In kanat illa sayhatanwahidatan fa-itha hum khamidoon

Translation

It was not but one shout, and immediately they were extinguished.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

It, their punishment, was but one Cry — Gabriel gave a cry to them — and lo! they were extinguished, silent, dead.

36:30

يَا حَسْرَةً عَلَى الْعِبَادِ ۚ مَا يَأْتِيهِم مِّن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ

Pronunciation

Ya hasratan AAalaalAAibadi ma ya/teehim min rasoolin illa kanoobihi yastahzi-oon

Translation

How regretful for the servants. There did not come to them any messenger except that they used to ridicule him.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Ah, the anguish for servants, [such as] these and their like from among those who denied the messengers and were destroyed (this [word, hasra] denotes ‘extreme agony’; the vocative here is being used metaphorically, in other words, ‘It is time for you [O anguish], so come now!’). Never did a messenger come to them but that they mocked him (this [statement] is given as an explanation of the cause thereof [of the ‘agony’] since it [the statement] entails their mockery which itself results in their being destroyed and which in turn is the cause of the ‘anguish’).

36:31

أَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُم مِّنَ الْقُرُونِ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ

Pronunciation

Alam yaraw kam ahlakna qablahum minaalqurooni annahum ilayhim la yarjiAAoon

Translation

Have they not considered how many generations We destroyed before them – that they to them will not return?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Have they — that is, those inhabitants of Mecca who said to the Prophet, ‘You have not been sent [by God]!’ [Q. 13:43] — not seen, [not] come to know (the interrogative is meant [rhetorically] as an affirmative) how many (kam here is predicative [as opposed to interrogative], in other words [it is to be understood as] kathīran, ‘many’; it is operated by the statement that comes next [below] and it comments on the operative clause for the statement that preceded it); the meaning then is as follows: indeed, many, generations, communities, We have destroyed before them, [how] that they, the ones destroyed, never return?, to those deniers [who are now alive]? So will they not learn from their example? (from annahum, ‘[how] that they’, to the end [of the verse] is a substitution for the preceding clause [kam ahlaknā qablahum mina’l-qurūni], bearing in mind the aforementioned general meaning).

36:32

وَإِن كُلٌّ لَّمَّا جَمِيعٌ لَّدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ

Pronunciation

Wa-in kullun lamma jameeAAun ladaynamuhdaroon

Translation

And indeed, all of them will yet be brought present before Us.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And indeed (in, is either for negation or is in its softened form) every one of them, that is, every single creature (kullun is the subject) will be gathered (jamī‘un is the predicate of the subject) before Us, at the Scene, following their resurrection, arraigned (muhdarūna is a second predicate) for the Reckoning (read lammā with the sense of illā, or lamā with the lām functioning as a separator and the mā being extra).

36:33

وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمُ الْأَرْضُ الْمَيْتَةُ أَحْيَيْنَاهَا وَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهَا حَبًّا فَمِنْهُ يَأْكُلُونَ

Pronunciation

Waayatun lahumu al-ardualmaytatu ahyaynaha waakhrajna minhahabban faminhu ya/kuloon

Translation

And a sign for them is the dead earth. We have brought it to life and brought forth from it grain, and from it they eat.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And a sign for them, of the [truth of] resurrection (wa-āyatun lahum is a preceding predicate) is the dead earth (read maytatu or mayyitatu) which We revive, with water (ahyaynāhā is the subject) and out of which We bring forth grain, such as wheat, so that they eat thereof;

36:34

وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا جَنَّاتٍ مِّن نَّخِيلٍ وَأَعْنَابٍ وَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْعُيُونِ

Pronunciation

WajaAAalna feeha jannatinmin nakheelin waaAAnabin wafajjarna feehamina alAAuyoon

Translation

And We placed therein gardens of palm trees and grapevines and caused to burst forth therefrom some springs –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and We have placed therein gardens, orchards, of date-palms and vines, and We have caused, a number of, springs to gush forth therein,

36:35

لِيَأْكُلُوا مِن ثَمَرِهِ وَمَا عَمِلَتْهُ أَيْدِيهِمْ ۖ أَفَلَا يَشْكُرُونَ

Pronunciation

Liya/kuloo min thamarihi wamaAAamilat-hu aydeehim afala yashkuroon

Translation

That they may eat of His fruit. And their hands have not produced it, so will they not be grateful?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

that they might eat of its fruits (read thamarihi or thumurihi) in other words, [of] the fruits of the mentioned date-palms and otherwise; but it was not their hands that made it, namely, they did not cultivate the fruits. Will they not then give thanks?, for His favours to them, exalted be He?

36:36

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْأَزْوَاجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Pronunciation

Subhana allathee khalaqaal-azwaja kullaha mimma tunbitu al-arduwamin anfusihim wamimma la yaAAlamoon

Translation

Exalted is He who created all pairs – from what the earth grows and from themselves and from that which they do not know.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Glory be to Him Who created all the pairs, the specimens, of what the earth produces, of seeds and other things, and of themselves, of males and females, and of what they do not know, of marvellous and strange creatures.

36:37

وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمُ اللَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ النَّهَارَ فَإِذَا هُم مُّظْلِمُونَ

Pronunciation

Waayatun lahumu allaylu naslakhuminhu annahara fa-itha hum muthlimoon

Translation

And a sign for them is the night. We remove from it [the light of] day, so they are [left] in darkness.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And a sign for them, of the tremendous power [of God], is the night, from which We strip, We separate, the day and, behold, they find themselves in darkness, passing into the darkness [of the night].

36:38

وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَّهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ

Pronunciation

Washshamsu tajree limustaqarrin lahathalika taqdeeru alAAazeezi alAAaleem

Translation

And the sun runs [on course] toward its stopping point. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the sun [which] runs (from wa’l-shamsu tajrī to the end [of the statement] is subsumed by [the introductory] wa-āyatun lahum, ‘and a sign for them’; alternatively, it constitutes another sign [for them]; similar is the case with wa’l-qamara, ‘and the moon’ [further below]) to its resting-place, in other words, it does not overstep it. That, namely, its running, is the ordaining of the Mighty, in His kingdom, the Knower, of His creation.

36:39

وَالْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّىٰ عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ

Pronunciation

Walqamara qaddarnahu manazilahatta AAada kalAAurjooni alqadeem

Translation

And the moon – We have determined for it phases, until it returns [appearing] like the old date stalk.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the moon — (read wa’l-qamaru, in the nominative, or wa’l-qamara, in the accusative; and it may be in the accusative because of a following verb that governs it) We have determined it, with respect to its course, [to run] in phases — twenty eight phases in twenty eight nights of every month; it becomes concealed for two nights when the month has thirty days, and for one night when it has twenty nine days — until it returns, during its final phase seeming to the [human] eye, like an aged palm-bough, in other words, like the stalk with a date cluster when it ages, becoming delicate, arched and yellowish.

36:40

لَا الشَّمْسُ يَنبَغِي لَهَا أَن تُدْرِكَ الْقَمَرَ وَلَا اللَّيْلُ سَابِقُ النَّهَارِ ۚ وَكُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ

Pronunciation

La ashshamsu yanbaghee lahaan tudrika alqamara wala allaylu sabiqu annahariwakullun fee falakin yasbahoon

Translation

It is not allowable for the sun to reach the moon, nor does the night overtake the day, but each, in an orbit, is swimming.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

It does not behove — it is [neither] facilitated nor is it right for — the sun to catch up with the moon, and so appear together with it at night, nor may the night outrun the day, and thus it [the night] never arrives before the latter ends and each (kullun: the nunation compensates for the [missing] genitive annexation [that would have been constructed] with al-shams, ‘the sun’, al-qamar, ‘the moon’, and al-nujūm, ‘the stars’) [of these] is in an orbit, swimming, moving — these [celestial bodies] are being treated as [though they were] rational beings.

36:41

وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمْ أَنَّا حَمَلْنَا ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِ الْمَشْحُونِ

Pronunciation

Waayatun lahum anna hamalnathurriyyatahum fee alfulki almashhoon

Translation

And a sign for them is that We carried their forefathers in a laden ship.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And a sign for them, of Our power, is that We carried their seed (dhurriyatahum: a variant reading has dhurriyyātihim), that is to say, their original ancestors, in the laden Ark, that is, Noah’s fully-loaded ship,

36:42

وَخَلَقْنَا لَهُم مِّن مِّثْلِهِ مَا يَرْكَبُونَ

Pronunciation

Wakhalaqna lahum min mithlihi mayarkaboon

Translation

And We created for them from the likes of it that which they ride.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and We have created for them the like of it, that is, the like of Noah’s Ark, namely, the small and large ships resembling it which they have made, by the instruction of God, exalted be He, in which they ride.

36:43

وَإِن نَّشَأْ نُغْرِقْهُمْ فَلَا صَرِيخَ لَهُمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنقَذُونَ

Pronunciation

Wa-in nasha/ nughriqhum fala sareekhalahum wala hum yunqathoon

Translation

And if We should will, We could drown them; then no one responding to a cry would there be for them, nor would they be saved

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And if We will, We drown them, despite the existence of ships [for them to ride safely in], whereat they have no one to call to, [none] to succour [them], nor are they rescued, delivered —

36:44

إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِّنَّا وَمَتَاعًا إِلَىٰ حِينٍ

Pronunciation

Illa rahmatan minnawamataAAan ila heen

Translation

Except as a mercy from Us and provision for a time.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

except by a mercy from Us and for an enjoyment until some time, in other words, they can only be saved by Our showing them mercy and Our permitting them to enjoy those pleasures of theirs until their terms [of life] are concluded.

36:45

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اتَّقُوا مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَمَا خَلْفَكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

Pronunciation

Wa-itha qeela lahumu ittaqoo mabayna aydeekum wama khalfakum laAAallakum turhamoon

Translation

But when it is said to them, “Beware of what is before you and what is behind you; perhaps you will receive mercy… “

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And when it is said to them, ‘Beware of that which is before you, of the chastisement of this world, as [it is said] to others, and that which is behind you, of the chastisement of the Hereafter, that perhaps you might find mercy’, they turn away [in aversion].

36:46

وَمَا تَأْتِيهِم مِّنْ آيَةٍ مِّنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَّا كَانُوا عَنْهَا مُعْرِضِينَ

Pronunciation

Wama ta/teehim min ayatin min ayatirabbihim illa kanoo AAanha muAArideen

Translation

And no sign comes to them from the signs of their Lord except that they are from it turning away.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And never did a sign of the signs of their Lord come to them, but that they turned away from it.

36:47

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنُطْعِمُ مَن لَّوْ يَشَاءُ اللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

Pronunciation

Wa-itha qeela lahum anfiqoo mimmarazaqakumu Allahu qala allatheena kafaroolillatheena amanoo anutAAimu man law yashaoAllahu atAAamahu in antum illa fee dalalinmubeen

Translation

And when it is said to them, “Spend from that which Allah has provided for you,” those who disbelieve say to those who believe, “Should we feed one whom, if Allah had willed, He would have fed? You are not but in clear error.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And when it is said, that is, [when] the poor ones from among the Companions [of the Prophet] say, to them: ‘Expend, on us, of what God has provided you’, of wealth, those who disbelieve say to those who believe, in mockery of them: ‘Are we to feed those whom, if God willed, He would feed?, as you are wont to believe? You, in saying this to us, together with this believe of yours, are only in manifest error!’ — as an explicit declaration of their disbelief this [statement] is very effective [in the way that it has been expressed].

36:48

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

Pronunciation

Wayaqooloona mata hathaalwaAAdu in kuntum sadiqeen

Translation

And they say, “When is this promise, if you should be truthful?”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And they say, ‘When will this promise, of resurrection, be [fulfilled], if you are being truthful?’, therein.

36:49

مَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً تَأْخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ

Pronunciation

Ma yanthuroona illasayhatan wahidatan ta/khuthuhum wahumyakhissimoon

Translation

They do not await except one blast which will seize them while they are disputing.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

God, exalted be He, says: They await but a single Cry, namely [the cry of] Isrāfīl’s First Blast, that will seize them while they are disputing (read yakhassimūna, which is actually yakhtasimūna, where the vowel of the tā’ has been moved to the khā’ and it [the tā’] has been assimilated with the sād, in other words: while they are oblivious to it, busily engaged in disputes, concluding bargains, eating and drinking and so on; a variant reading has yakhsimūna similar [in pattern] to yadribūna, in which case the meaning is: while they dispute with one another).

36:50

فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً وَلَا إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Pronunciation

Fala yastateeAAoona tawsiyatanwala ila ahlihim yarjiAAoon

Translation

And they will not be able [to give] any instruction, nor to their people can they return.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Then they will not be able to make any testament, that is, to make a bequest, nor will they return to their folk, from their markets and their businesses, rather they will die then and there.

36:51

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُم مِّنَ الْأَجْدَاثِ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَنسِلُونَ

Pronunciation

Wanufikha fee assoori fa-ithahum mina al-ajdathi ila rabbihim yansiloon

Translation

And the Horn will be blown; and at once from the graves to their Lord they will hasten.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And the Trumpet is blown — this is the Horn — at the second Blast for the Resurrection [to take place]; between the two Blasts is an interval of forty years; and lo! they, those interred, will be scrambling out of their graves towards their Lord, emerging therefrom hurriedly.

36:52

قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا مَن بَعَثَنَا مِن مَّرْقَدِنَا ۜ ۗ هَٰذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَصَدَقَ الْمُرْسَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Qaloo ya waylana manbaAAathana min marqadina hatha mawaAAada arrahmanu wasadaqaalmursaloon

Translation

They will say, “O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping place?” [The reply will be], “This is what the Most Merciful had promised, and the messengers told the truth.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They, the disbelievers among them, will say, ‘O (yā is for calling attention [to something]) woe to us! (waylanā means halākanā, ‘[O] our destruction!’, and it is a verbal noun which has no [regular] verbal conjugation) Who has raised us from our place of sleep?, [they say this] because they will have been asleep in the interval between the two blasts and will not have been punished [yet]. This, that is, [this] raising, is that which the Compassionate One had promised and, regarding which, the messengers had spoken the truth’: they affirm [this truth] when such affirmation is no longer of any benefit to them — but it is also said that this is said to them.

36:53

إِن كَانَتْ إِلَّا صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ جَمِيعٌ لَّدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ

Pronunciation

In kanat illa sayhatanwahidatan fa-itha hum jameeAAun ladayna muhdaroon

Translation

It will not be but one blast, and at once they are all brought present before Us.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

It is but a single Cry, and, behold, they will all be arraigned before Us!

36:54

فَالْيَوْمَ لَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا وَلَا تُجْزَوْنَ إِلَّا مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Pronunciation

Falyawma la tuthlamunafsun shay-an wala tujzawna illa ma kuntumtaAAmaloon

Translation

So today no soul will be wronged at all, and you will not be recompensed except for what you used to do.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So today no soul shall be wronged in any way, and you shall not be requited, except, the requital of, what you used to do.

36:55

إِنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ الْيَوْمَ فِي شُغُلٍ فَاكِهُونَ

Pronunciation

Inna as-haba aljannati alyawmafee shughulin fakihoon

Translation

Indeed the companions of Paradise, that Day, will be amused in [joyful] occupation –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Indeed today the inhabitants of Paradise are busy (read fī shughlin or fī shughulin), [oblivious] to what the inhabitants of the Fire are suffering, [busy] delighting in pleasures such as deflowering virgins — not busy with anything wearisome, as there is no toil in Paradise — rejoicing, blissful (fākihūna is a second predicate of inna, the first being fī shugulin, ‘busy’);

36:56

هُمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُمْ فِي ظِلَالٍ عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ مُتَّكِئُونَ

Pronunciation

Hum waazwajuhum fee thilalinAAala al-ara-iki muttaki-oon

Translation

They and their spouses – in shade, reclining on adorned couches.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

they (hum, the subject) and their spouses, beneath the shade (zilāl is the plural of zulla or zill, and is the predicate) in other words, no [blinding] sunlight affects them, reclining upon (muttaki’ūna is a second predicate, connected to ‘alā, ‘upon’) couches (arā’ik is the plural of arīka, which is a bed inside a curtained canopy, or the bedding therein).

36:57

لَهُمْ فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَلَهُم مَّا يَدَّعُونَ

Pronunciation

Lahum feeha fakihatun walahumma yaddaAAoon

Translation

For them therein is fruit, and for them is whatever they request [or wish]

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They have fruits therein and, therein, they have whatever they call for, [whatever] they wish for.

36:58

سَلَامٌ قَوْلًا مِّن رَّبٍّ رَّحِيمٍ

Pronunciation

Salamun qawlan min rabbin raheem

Translation

[And] “Peace,” a word from a Merciful Lord.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

“Peace!” (salāmun is a subject) — the word (qawlan is its predicate), that is, [peace] by way of a word, from a Lord [Who is] Merciful, to them, in other words, He says to them, ‘Peace be on you!’

36:59

وَامْتَازُوا الْيَوْمَ أَيُّهَا الْمُجْرِمُونَ

Pronunciation

Wamtazoo alyawma ayyuhaalmujrimoon

Translation

[Then He will say], “But stand apart today, you criminals.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And, He says: ‘Stand apart, O you sinners, on this day!, in other words, separate yourselves from the believers — [said to them] upon their mingling with the latter.

36:60

أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

Pronunciation

Alam aAAhad ilaykum ya banee adamaan la taAAbudoo ashshaytana innahu lakumAAaduwwun mubeen

Translation

Did I not enjoin upon you, O children of Adam, that you not worship Satan – [for] indeed, he is to you a clear enemy –

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Did I not charge you, command you, O children of Adam, by the tongues of My messengers, that you should not worship Satan, [that you should] not obey him; truly he is a manifest enemy to you, one whose enmity is evident,

36:61

وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Waani oAAbudoonee hatha siratunmustaqeem

Translation

And that you worship [only] Me? This is a straight path.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

and that [you should] worship Me, [and that you should] affirm My Oneness and obey Me — that is the straight path?

36:62

وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنكُمْ جِبِلًّا كَثِيرًا ۖ أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْقِلُونَ

Pronunciation

Walaqad adalla minkum jibillankatheeran afalam takoonoo taAAqiloon

Translation

And he had already led astray from among you much of creation, so did you not use reason?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

For verily he has led astray from among you many a creature (jibillan is the plural of jabīl, similar [in pattern] to qadīm, ‘old’; a variant reading has jubulan). Did you not use to comprehend?, his enmity and his misguidance, or the chastisements that befell them and so believe? And it will be said to them in the Hereafter:

36:63

هَٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

Pronunciation

Hathihi jahannamu allatee kuntumtooAAadoon

Translation

This is the Hellfire which you were promised.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

This is Hell, which you were promised!

36:64

اصْلَوْهَا الْيَوْمَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

Pronunciation

Islawha alyawma bimakuntum takfuroon

Translation

[Enter to] burn therein today for what you used to deny.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Burn therein today [as chastisement] for that which you used to reject!’

36:65

الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُكَلِّمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

Pronunciation

Alyawma nakhtimu AAala afwahihimwatukallimuna aydeehim watashhadu arjuluhum bima kanooyaksiboon

Translation

That Day, We will seal over their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will testify about what they used to earn.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Today We shall seal up their mouths, namely, [the mouths of] the disbelievers for their saying: By God, our Lord, we were never idolaters!’ [Q. 6:23]; and their hands shall speak to Us, and their feet shall bear witness, as will other [parts of their bodies] concerning what they used to earn, and so each limb will speak of that [sinful action] which issued from it.

36:66

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَطَمَسْنَا عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِهِمْ فَاسْتَبَقُوا الصِّرَاطَ فَأَنَّىٰ يُبْصِرُونَ

Pronunciation

Walaw nashao latamasnaAAala aAAyunihim fastabaqoo assiratafaanna yubsiroon

Translation

And if We willed, We could have obliterated their eyes, and they would race to [find] the path, and how could they see?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And had We willed We would have obliterated their eyesight, We would have rendered them blind by obliterating them, then, they [would have tried to] advance towards the path, to be on their way as usual, but how would they have seen?, then. In other words, they would not have been to see.

36:67

وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَمَسَخْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِهِمْ فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مُضِيًّا وَلَا يَرْجِعُونَ

Pronunciation

Walaw nashao lamasakhnahumAAala makanatihim fama istataAAoo mudiyyanwala yarjiAAoon

Translation

And if We willed, We could have deformed them, [paralyzing them] in their places so they would not be able to proceed, nor could they return.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And had We willed We would have transformed them, [into] apes or swine or stones, in their place (makānatihim, variant reading has makānātihim, the plural of makāna, meaning makān, in other words ‘in their dwellings’); then they would have neither been able to go ahead nor to return, in other words, they would not then be able to come and go.

36:68

وَمَن نُّعَمِّرْهُ نُنَكِّسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ ۖ أَفَلَا يَعْقِلُونَ

Pronunciation

Waman nuAAammirhu nunakkis-hu fee alkhalqiafala yaAAqiloon

Translation

And he to whom We grant long life We reverse in creation; so will they not understand?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And whomever We give long life, by prolonging his term [of life], We cause him to regress (nankushu; a variant reading has [2nd verbal form] nunakkishu, derived from al-tankīs) in creation, that is, in terms of his physical form, so that after having enjoyed strength and youth, he becomes feeble and decrepit. Will they then not understand?, that One Who is able to effect such [a state] — with which they are familiar — is also able to resurrect, that they might then become believers? (a variant reading [for ya‘qilūna, ‘they understand’] has [the second person plural] ta‘qilūna, ‘you understand’).

36:69

وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُ ۚ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُّبِينٌ

Pronunciation

Wama AAallamnahu ashshiAArawama yanbaghee lahu in huwa illa thikrunwaqur-anun mubeen

Translation

And We did not give Prophet Muhammad, knowledge of poetry, nor is it befitting for him. It is not but a message and a clear Qur’an

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And We did not teach him, that is, the Prophet, poetry — this was [revealed] to refute their saying, ‘This Qur’ān that he has brought is but poetry!’ — nor is it, poetry, seemly, [nor is it] facilitated, for him. It — that which he has brought — is just Remembrance, an admonition, and a Qur’ān that clarifies, that manifests [God’s] rulings and other matters;

36:70

لِّيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

Pronunciation

Liyunthira man kana hayyanwayahiqqa alqawlu AAala alkafireen

Translation

To warn whoever is alive and justify the word against the disbelievers.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

that he may warn (li-yundhira; or read li-tundhira, ‘that you may warn’), therewith, whoever is alive, able to comprehend what is being said to him — and such are the believers — and that the Word, of chastisement [from God], may be fulfilled against the disbelievers, who are like the dead, unable to comprehend what is said to them.

36:71

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّا خَلَقْنَا لَهُم مِّمَّا عَمِلَتْ أَيْدِينَا أَنْعَامًا فَهُمْ لَهَا مَالِكُونَ

Pronunciation

Awa lam yaraw anna khalaqnalahum mimma AAamilat aydeena anAAaman fahumlaha malikoon

Translation

Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Or, have they not seen, have they [not] realised (the interrogative is meant as an affirmative, and the wāw inserted therein [in a-wa-lam] is for supplementation) that We have created for them, and for all human beings, of what Our hands worked, [of] what We have made without any partner or helper, cattle, namely, camels, cows and sheep, so that they are their owners?, masters [controlling them].

36:72

وَذَلَّلْنَاهَا لَهُمْ فَمِنْهَا رَكُوبُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا يَأْكُلُونَ

Pronunciation

Wathallalnaha lahumfaminha rakoobuhum waminha ya/kuloon

Translation

And We have tamed them for them, so some of them they ride, and some of them they eat.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And We have subdued, We have disposed, these [cattle] for them, so that some of them provide rides for them and some of them they eat.

36:73

وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مَنَافِعُ وَمَشَارِبُ ۖ أَفَلَا يَشْكُرُونَ

Pronunciation

Walahum feeha manafiAAu wamasharibuafala yashkuroon

Translation

And for them therein are [other] benefits and drinks, so will they not be grateful?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And there are other benefits for them therein, such as their wool, fur and hairs, and drinks, [made] from their milk (mashārib is the plural of mashrab meaning shurb, ‘a drink’; or [what is meant is] the place [from which the drink issues]). Will they not then give thanks?, to the One Who has bestowed these graces upon them and so become believers? In other words, they do not do [any of] this.

36:74

وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً لَّعَلَّهُمْ يُنصَرُونَ

Pronunciation

Wattakhathoo min dooni Allahialihatan laAAallahum yunsaroon

Translation

But they have taken besides Allah [false] deities that perhaps they would be helped.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And they have taken besides God, in other words, other than Him, [other] gods, idols, which they worship, that perhaps they might be helped, protected against God’s chastisement by their gods’ interceding for them, as they are wont to claim.

36:75

لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُمْ جُندٌ مُّحْضَرُونَ

Pronunciation

La yastateeAAoona nasrahumwahum lahum jundun muhdaroon

Translation

They are not able to help them, and they [themselves] are for them soldiers in attendance.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

They, their gods, cannot help them — they are being treated as [though they were] rational beings — and they, their idol gods, are their host, as they claim, their supporters, ever-present, [but] in the Fire, together with them.

36:76

فَلَا يَحْزُنكَ قَوْلُهُمْ ۘ إِنَّا نَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

Pronunciation

Fala yahzunka qawluhum innanaAAlamu ma yusirroona wama yuAAlinoon

Translation

So let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, We know what they conceal and what they declare.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So do not be grieved by their remarks, to you, that you have not been sent [by God] and otherwise. Assuredly We know what they conceal and what they proclaim, in this respect and otherwise, and We will requite them accordingly.

36:77

أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الْإِنسَانُ أَنَّا خَلَقْنَاهُ مِن نُّطْفَةٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ خَصِيمٌ مُّبِينٌ

Pronunciation

Awa lam yara al-insanu annakhalaqnahu min nutfatin fa-itha huwa khaseemunmubeen

Translation

Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary?

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Or has man — namely, [the like of] al-‘Āsī b. Wā’il — not seen, [has he not] realised, that We created him from a drop, of sperm [and so on in stages] until We made him powerful and strong. Then lo! he is an open adversary, severely antagonistic towards Us, [openly] making this manifest by his denial of resurrection.

36:78

وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ ۖ قَالَ مَن يُحْيِي الْعِظَامَ وَهِيَ رَمِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Wadaraba lana mathalanwanasiya khalqahu qala man yuhyee alAAithamawahiya rameem

Translation

And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own] creation. He says, “Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

And he strikes for Us a similitude, in this respect, and forgets [the manner of] his creation, from a sperm-drop, a thing more curious than his similitude; he says, ‘Who will revive the bones when they are rot?’, in other words, [when they have become] withered (He does not say ramīmatun, ‘decayed’, because it [ramīmun, ‘rot’] is a noun and not an adjective). It is reported that he [al-‘Āsī] took some withered bones and crushed them into pieces and said to the Prophet (s), ‘Do you think that God can revive these [bones] after they have decayed and become rot?’ And so the Prophet (s) said, ‘Yes indeed! And He will also throw you into the Fire’.

36:79

قُلْ يُحْيِيهَا الَّذِي أَنشَأَهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ خَلْقٍ عَلِيمٌ

Pronunciation

Qul yuhyeeha allatheeanshaaha awwala marratin wahuwa bikulli khalqin AAaleem

Translation

Say, “He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing.”

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Say: ‘He will revive them Who originated them the first time, and He is Knower of all creation, [of every single] creature, generally and in detail, before and after it has been created —

36:80

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنَ الشَّجَرِ الْأَخْضَرِ نَارًا فَإِذَا أَنتُم مِّنْهُ تُوقِدُونَ

Pronunciation

Allathee jaAAala lakum mina ashshajarial-akhdari naran fa-itha antum minhutooqidoon

Translation

[It is] He who made for you from the green tree, fire, and then from it you ignite.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

He Who has made for you, and for all human beings, fire from the green tree, namely, [from] the markh and ‘afār [variety], or [from] all trees, except for the jujube (‘unnāb), and, behold, from it you kindle’, [from it] you strike fire: this is proof of the power [of God] to resurrect, for in this [example of the green tree] He has combined [the elements of] water, fire and wood; but neither the water extinguishes the fire, nor does the fire ignite the wood.

36:81

أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَن يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُم ۚ بَلَىٰ وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ

Pronunciation

Awa laysa allathee khalaqa assamawatiwal-arda biqadirin AAala an yakhluqamithlahum bala wahuwa alkhallaqu alAAaleem

Translation

Is not He who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the likes of them? Yes, [it is so]; and He is the Knowing Creator.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth, in all their immensity, able to create the like of them?, namely, human beings, in all their minuteness? Yes indeed, He is able to do this — God Himself replies here. And He is the Creator (khallāq means Creator of many things), the Knower, of all things.

36:82

إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَن يَقُولَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ

Pronunciation

Innama amruhu itha aradashay-an an yaqoola lahu kun fayakoon

Translation

His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it is.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

His command, His affair, when He wills a thing, that is, [when He will] to create something, is just to say to it ‘Be’, and it is (a variant reading [for fa-yakūnu] has fa-yakūna, as a supplement to yaqūla, ‘to say’).

36:83

فَسُبْحَانَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

Pronunciation

Fasubhana allathee biyadihimalakootu kulli shay-in wa-ilayhi turjaAAoon

Translation

So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn

So glory be to Him in Whose hand is the dominion of all things (malakūt means mulk: the wāw and tā’ have been added for hyperbole) and to Whom you will be returned, restored, in the Hereafter.

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