How To Make Wudu’ (Ablution)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

[In the Name of ALLAH, the ENTIRELY MERCIFUL, the ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL]

 

[Note

[S.W.T] Subhaanahuu Wa Ta’ala – [Glorified and Exalted is ALLAH]: This phrase appears after the Name of ALLAH [S.W.T] its seen as an act of reverence and devotion towards ALLAH [S.W.T].

[S.A.W.S] Salla’Allahuu Alayhi Wa-Sallaam – [[May ALLAH Bless Him and grant Him Peace] [S.A.W.] or [P.B.U.H.] or [S.]]: The expression should be used after stating Prophet Muhammad [S.A.W.S]’s name.

(A.S) ‘Alayhis-Salaam – [[Peace be upon Him] (P.B.U.H), [Peace be upon Them] (P.B.U.T)]: This expression should be used after stating the names of the noble Angels (e.g. Jibraeel, Mikaeel and so on) or Prophets who came before Hadrat Muhammad [S.A.W.S].

(R.A) Raadiya’Allahu anhu – [May ALLAH be pleased with him]: When mentioning Sahaba [the Companions (R.A)] of Hadrat Muhammad [S.A.W.S.], Raadiya’Allahu anhu (for males/him) and Radiy’Allahu aanha (for females/her) Radiy’Allahu anhuuma (for them) are used.]

 

[All the information I gave here are collected from the book and I tried to make the Arabic pronunciations as much as right as possible, though I’ll recommend you to learn real Arabic pronunciations rather than reading it from English text that I provided. However, if you have problem to understand anything then please go to the Mosque nearby and contact with the Imam just do not hesitate Insha’ALLAH it will become easier to you.]

Wudu’ (Arabic: الوضوء al-wuḍū, Chechen: Lamaz etsar, Albanian: avdes, Bosnian: abdest, Kurdish: destnivêj, Turkish: abdest, Somali: weeso) is the Islamic act of washing parts of the body using water. Muslims are also required to be clean before offering the Prayer or before reciting The HOLY QUR’AN one must be in good shape and pure condition. It is necessary to wash the parts of the body, which are generally exposed to dirt or dust or smog. This performance is called Ablution (Wudu’).

Prophet [S.A.W.S] said that: “Cleanliness is half of Faith.

(Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0432)

Before we offer Salah or recite The HOLY QUR’AN, we must first prepare ourselves. This preparation includes making sure that we are clean from physical impurity, and this is done by carrying out Wudu’. Wudu’ is the minor purification. The major form of purification is called Ghusl/Bath. If water is not available, the purification can be performed with clean earth or soil, and it is called Tayammum.

 

“O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, ALLAH is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.”

– [4:43] 4.Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women) – سورة النساء

“O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. ALLAH does not intend to make difficulty for you, but HE intends to purify you and complete HIS favor upon you that you may be grateful.”

– [5:6] 5.Surat Al-Mā’idah (The Table Spread) – سورة المائدة

 

How To Make Wudu’ (Ablution)

For Wudu’ (Ablution) these are the steps have to make:

Before you start Wudu’ recite-

بِسْمِ اللهِ الْعَلِىِّ الْعَظِيْمِ، وَالْحَمدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى دِيْنِ الاِْسْلاَمِ، اَلاِْسْلاَمُ حَقٌّ وَالْكُفْرُ بَـاطِلٌ، اَلاِْسْلاَمُ نُوْرٌ وَالْكُفْرُظُلْمَةٌ

Pronunciation:

Bismillaahi-l-Aali-l-Azeem Wa-l-Haamdu Lil-Laahi Aala Deeniil-Islam ‘Al Iyslaamu Haaqquu Wa-l-Kufruu Baatiluu ‘Al Iyslaamu Nuruu Wa-l-Kufruu Juulmaat

Translation:

In the Name of ALLAH, the MOST HIGH, the MOST GREAT. And Praise to ALLAH, WHO makes my Faith stay on al-Islam. Al-Islam is Truth and disbelief (kufr) is false, al-Islam is like Light and disbelief is like darkness.

Intention (Niyat) of Wudu’ (Ablution)

1. Make niyyah/Niyat (intention) for Wudu’ in your heart-

نَوَيْتُ اَنْ اَتَوَضَّاءَ لِرَفْعِ الْحَدَثِ وَاِسْتِبَاحَةَ لِّلصَّلَوةِ وَتَقَرُّباً اِلَى اللَّهِ تَعَا لَى

Pronunciation:

Nawayatu Aan Aatawad-Daa Lirafi-l-Haadasi Wa-istibaahatal Lis-Salati Wa Taakaar-Ruban Illaal-Laahee Taala

Translation:

I intent to Wudu’ for purify from impurity and to establish prayer and to obtain nearness of ALLAH Taala.

Then start Wudu’ by saying

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Pronunciation

Bismillahi arrahmani arraheem

Translation

In the Name of ALLAH, the ENTIRELY MERCIFUL, the ESPECIALLY MERCIFUL.

2. Then wash both hands up to the wrists (starting with the right hand) three times making sure that water has reached between the fingers.

3. Put a handful of water into your mouth and rinse it thoroughly three times.

4. Sniff water into your nostrils three times to clean them and blow it out, washing the tip of the nose.

5. Wash your face three times from right ear to left ear and from forehead to throat.

6. Wash your right arm and then your left arm thoroughly from wrist up to elbow three times.

7. Then move the wet palms lightly over the head, starting at the top of forehead to the back of the head, and then bringing them back to the forehead again.

8. Clean the ears. Pass the wet tips of index fingers into the grooves and holes of both ears and also pass the wet thumbs behind the ears. From bottom of the ear upwards.

9. Pass the back of the wet hands over the nape of the neck.

10. Finally, wash both feet to the ankles three times starting from the right, making sure that water has reached between the toes and all other parts of the feet.

11. Make Du’a-

اَللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ التَّوَّابِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

Pronunciation:

Allahumma-j-‘Alny Mynaat-Tawwabeen Wa-j-‘Alny Mena-l-Mutatatahhireen

Translation:

O ALLAH! Make me one of those who repent and make me one of those who are clean.

 

At the end of the above steps, raise your index finger towards Heaven and recite-

اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لآَّ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَشَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَاَشَْْهَدُ اَنََّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُوْلُهُ

Pronunciation:

Ashadu Al-Laa Ilaaha Illaal-Laahu Wahdahu Laa Sharikalaahu Wa Ashadu Anna Muhammadun Abduhu Wa Rasuluhu

Translation:

I bear witness that none is worthy of Worship but ALLAH, the ONE Alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad [S.A.W.S] is HIS servant and Messenger.

(Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0451-452)

 

Fards in Wudu’:

1. To wash the face once

2. To wash the two arms together with the elbows once.

3. To apply masah (wiping of head with wet hands) on the one-fourth of the head, that is to rub a wet hand softly on it.

4. Washing both feet, together with the ankles once.

Fresh Wudu’ is needed after:

1. Natural discharge (e.g. urine, stool, wind and the like).

2. Flow of blood or pus from any part of the body.

3. Full mouth vomiting.

4. Falling asleep.

 

The Complete Ablution (Ghusl/Bath):

The whole body with the nostrils, mouth and head must be washed by a complete bath before commencing prayer in any of the following cases:

1. After intimate intercourse;

2. After wet dreams; or night discharge;

3. Upon expiration of the menstruation period of women;

4. At the end of the confinement period of nursing women, this is estimated at a maximum of forty days. If it ends before, complete ablution should be done.

Intention (Niyat) of Obligatory (Fard) Bath (Ghusl)

نَوَيْتُ الْغُسْلَ لِرَفْعِ الْجَنَابَةِ

Pronunciation:

Nawaytoul Gushlaa Lirafi-l-Janabat

Translation:

I intent to perform bath for purify from impurity.

It should be pointed out that at the start of the bath or ablution the intention must be clear that it is for the purpose of purity and Worship. Also, a person who is performing an ablution, partial or complete, should combine his performance with some utterances Glorifying ALLAH [S.W.T] and asking HIM for true guidance. The forms of such utterances are described in detail in the elaborate sources of the religion. One, however, can say one’s own best utterance if one does not know the exact wording. That is sufficient as long as it is in the Praise of ALLAH [S.W.T] and is said with sincerity.

 

Some Hadith Regarding Wudu’ (Ablution) and other Glad Tidings

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 8: Prayers, Number 429:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “I have been given five things which were not given to any amongst the Prophets (P.B.U.T) before me. These are:

1. ALLAH [S.W.T] made me victorious by awe (by HIS frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month’s journey.

2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum. Therefore, my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.

3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me (and was not made so for anyone else).

4. Every Prophet [P.B.U.T] used to be sent to his nation exclusively but I have been sent to all mankind.

5. I have been given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection.)

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 138:

Narrated Nu’am Al-Mujmir (R.A):

 Once I went up the roof of the Mosque, along with Abu Huraira (R.A). He perform ablution and said, “I heard The Prophet [S.A.W.S] saying, “On the Day of Resurrection, my followers will be called “Al-Ghurr-ul-Muhajjalun” from the trace of ablution and whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so (i.e. by performing ablution regularly).'”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 155:

Narrated Abu Qatada (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “Whenever anyone of you drinks water, he should not breathe in the drinking utensil, and whenever anyone of you goes to a lavatory, he should neither touch his penis nor clean his private parts with his right hand.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 161:

Narrated Humran (the slave of ‘Uthman (R.A)):

 I saw ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (R.A) asking for a tumbler of water (and when it was brought) he poured water over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washed his face and forearms up to the elbows thrice, passed his wet hands over his head and washed his feet up to the ankles thrice. Then he said, “ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said ‘If anyone Performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two-rak’at prayer during which he does not think of anything else (not related to the present prayer) then his past sins will be Forgiven.” After performing the ablution ‘Uthman (R.A) said, “I am going to tell you a Hadith which I would not have told you, had I not been compelled by a certain Holy Verse (the sub narrator ‘Urwa (R.A) said: This verse is: “Verily, those who conceal the clear signs and the guidance which we have sent down…)” (2:159). I heard The Prophet [S.A.W.S] saying, ‘If a man performs ablution perfectly and then offers the compulsory congregational prayer, ALLAH [S.W.T] will Forgive his sins committed between that (prayer) and the (next) prayer till he offers it.

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 163:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “If anyone of you performs ablution he should put water in his nose and then blow it out and whoever cleans his private parts with stones should do so with odd numbers. And whoever wakes up from his sleep should wash his hands before putting them in the water for ablution, because nobody knows where his hands were during sleep.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 164:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (R.A):

 The Prophet [S.A.W.S] remained behind us on a journey. He joined us while we were performing ablution for the ‘Asr prayer which was over-due and we were just passing wet hands over our feet (not washing them thoroughly) so he addressed us in a loud voice saying twice or thrice, “Save your heels from the fire.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 194:

Narrated Anas (R.A):

 It was the time for prayer, and those whose houses were near got up and went to their people (to perform ablution), and there remained some people (sitting). Then a painted stove pot (Mikhdab) containing water was brought to ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S]. The pot was small, not broad enough for one to spread one’s hand in; yet all the people performed ablution. (The sub narrator said, “We asked Anas (R.A), ‘How many persons were you?’ Anas (R.A) replied ‘We were eighty or more”). (It was one of the miracles of ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S]).

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 201:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (R.A):

 Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (R.A) said, “The Prophet [S.A.W.S] passed wet hands over his Khuffs.” ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (R.A) asked Umar (R.A) about it. ‘Umar (R.A) replied in the affirmative and added, “Whenever Sa’d (R.A) narrates a Hadith from The Prophet [S.A.W.S], there is no need to ask anyone else about it.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 211:

Narrated ‘Aisha (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “If anyone of you feels drowsy while praying he should go to bed (sleep) till his slumber is over because in praying while drowsy one does not know whether one is asking for forgiveness or for a bad thing for oneself.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 215:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (R.A):

 Once The Prophet [S.A.W.S], while passing through one of the grave-yards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said, “These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid).” The Prophet [S.A.W.S] then added, “Yes! (they are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). The Prophet [S.A.W.S] then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, “I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 4: Ablution, Number 239:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “We (Muslims) are the last (people to come in the world) but (will be) the foremost (on the Day of Resurrection).” The same narrator told that The Prophet [S.A.W.S] had said, “You should not pass urine in stagnant water which is not flowing then (you may need to) wash in it.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 7: Rubbing Hands and Feet with Dust, Number 340:

Narrated ‘Imran (R.A):

 Once we were traveling with The Prophet [S.A.W.S] and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply). There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator ‘Auf (R.A) said that Abu Raja’ (R.A) had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (R.A). And whenever The Prophet [S.A.W.S] used to sleep, nobody would wake up him till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep. So, ‘Umar (R.A) got up and saw the condition of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, “ALLAHU Akbar” and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying loudly till the Prophet [S.A.W.S] got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about what had happened to them. He said, “There is no harm (or it will not be harmful). Depart!” So they departed from that place, and after covering some distance The Prophet [S.A.W.S] stopped and asked for some water to perform the ablution. So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people. He asked, “O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?” He replied, “I am Junub and there is no water. ” The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said, “Perform Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you.” Then the Prophet [S.A.W.S] proceeded on and the people complained to him of thirst. Thereupon he got down and called a person (the narrator ‘Auf (R.A) added that Abu Raja’ (R.A) had named him but he had forgotten) and ‘Ali (R.A), and ordered them to go and bring water. So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, “Where can we find water?” She replied, “I was there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my people are behind me.” They requested her to accompany them. She asked, “Where?” They said, “To ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S].” She said, “Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi, (with a new religion)?” They replied, “Yes, the same person. So come along.” They brought her to The Prophet [S.A.W.S] and narrated the whole story. He said, “Help her to dismount.” The Prophet [S.A.W.S] asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink and water their animals. So they all watered their animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last of all The Prophet [S.A.W.S] gave a pot full of water to the person who was Junub and told him to pour it over his body. The woman was standing and watching all that which they were doing with her water. By ALLAH [S.W.T], when her water bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water) than they had been before (Miracle of ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S]). Then The Prophet [S.A.W.S] ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and Sawiq were collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth. She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of food-stuff was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet [S.A.W.S] said to her, “We have not taken your water but ALLAH [S.W.T] has given water to us.” She returned home late. Her relatives asked her: “O so and so what has delayed you?” She said, “A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who is called the Sabi’ and he did such and such a thing. By ALLAH [S.W.T], he is either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and the earth) or he is ALLAH [S.W.T]’s true Apostle.” Afterwards the Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village. One day she said to her people, “I think that these people leave you purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?” They obeyed her and all of them embraced Islam. Abu ‘Abdullah (R.A) said: The word Saba’a means “The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new religion.” Abul ‘Ailya (R.A) said, “The Sabis are a sect of people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 10: Times of the Prayers, Number 569:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada (R.A):

 My father said, “One night we were traveling with the Prophet [S.A.W.S] and some people said, ‘We wish that ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] would take a rest along with us during the last hours of the night.’ He said, ‘I am afraid that you will sleep and miss the (Fajr) prayer.’ Bilal (R.A) said, ‘I will make you get up.’ So all slept and Bilal (R.A) rested his back against his Rahila and he too was overwhelmed (by sleep) and slept. The Prophet [S.A.W.S] got up when the edge of the sun had risen and said, ‘O Bilal! What about your statement?’ He replied, ‘I have never slept such a sleep.’ The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said, ‘ALLAH [S.W.T] captured your souls when HE wished, and released them when HE wished. O Bilal! Get up and pronounce the Adhan for the prayer.’ The Prophet [S.A.W.S] performed ablution and when the sun came up and became bright, he stood up and prayed.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 11: Call to Prayers (Adhaan), Number 620:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “The reward of the prayer offered by a person in congregation is twenty five times greater than that of the prayer offered in one’s house or in the market (alone). And this is because if he performs ablution and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the Mosque with the sole intention of praying, then for every step he takes towards the Mosque, he is upgraded one degree in reward and his one sin is taken off (crossed out) from his accounts (of deeds). When he offers his prayer, the Angels (P.B.U.T) keep on asking ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Blessings and ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Forgiveness for him as long as he is (staying) at his Musalla. They say, ‘O ALLAH! Bestow YOUR Blessings upon him, be Merciful and Kind to him.’ And one is regarded in prayer as long as one is waiting for the prayer.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 13: Friday Prayer, Number 3:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (R.A):

 While Umar bin Al-Khattab (R.A) was standing and delivering the sermon on a Friday, one of the Companions (R.A) of the Prophet [S.A.W.S], who was one of the foremost Muhajirs (emigrants) came. ‘Umar (R.A) said to him, “What is the time now?” He replied, “I was busy and could not go back to my house till I heard the Adhan. I did not perform more than the ablution.” Thereupon ‘Umar (R.A) said to him, “Did you perform only the ablution although you know that ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] used to order us to take a bath (on Fridays)?”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 13: Friday Prayer, Number 4:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male (Muslim) who has attained the age of puberty.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 13: Friday Prayer, Number 6:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “Any person who takes a bath on Friday like the bath of Janaba and then goes for the prayer (in the first hour i.e. early), it is as if he had sacrificed a camel (in ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Cause); and whoever goes in the second hour it is as if he had sacrificed a cow; and whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a horned ram; and if one goes in the fourth hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour then it is as if he had offered an egg. When the Imam comes out (i.e. starts delivering the Khutba), the Angels (P.B.U.T) present themselves to listen to the Khutba.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 13: Friday Prayer, Number 12:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “If I had not found it hard for my followers or the people, I would have ordered them to clean their teeth with Siwak for every prayer.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 21: Prayer at Night (Tahajjud), Number 243:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S] said, “satan puts three knots at the back of the head of any of you if he is asleep. On every knot he reads and exhales the following words, ‘The night is long, so stay asleep.’ When one wakes up and remembers ALLAH [S.W.T], one knot is undone; and when one performs ablution, the second knot is undone, and when one prays the third knot is undone and one gets up energetic with a good heart in the morning; otherwise one gets up lazy and with a mischievous heart.”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 54: Beginning of Creation, Number 452:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said, “As long as any-one of you is waiting for the prayer, he is considered to be praying actually, and the Angels (P.B.U.T) say, ‘O ALLAH! Be Merciful to him and Forgive him’, (and go on saying so) unless he leaves his place of praying or passes wind (i.e. breaks his ablution).”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 54: Beginning of Creation, Number 465:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 While we were in the company of The Prophet [S.A.W.S], he said, “While I was asleep, I saw myself in Paradise and there I beheld a woman making ablution beside a palace, I asked, to whom does this palace belong? They said, to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (R.A).’ Then I remembered ‘Umar (R.A)’s Ghaira (concerning women), and so I quickly went away from that palace.” (When ‘Umar (R.A) heard this from The Prophet [S.A.W.S]), he wept and said, “Do you think it is likely that I feel Ghaira because of you, O ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Apostle [S.A.W.S]?”

Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 54: Beginning of Creation, Number 516:

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A):

 The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said, “If anyone of you rouses from sleep and performs the ablution, he should wash his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out thrice, because satan has stayed in the upper part of his nose all the night.”

 

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0432:

Abu Malik at-Ash’ari (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Cleanliness is half of Faith and al-Hamdu Liliah (Praise be to ALLAH) fills the scale, and Subhan ALLAH (Glory be to ALLAH) and al-Hamdu Liliah (Praise be to ALLAH) fill up what is between the heavens and the earth, and prayer is a light, and charity is proof (of one’s faith) and endurance is a brightness and the Holy Qur’an is a proof on your behalf or against you. All men go out early in the morning and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 2, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0435:

Hammam b. Munabbih (R.A) who is the brother of Wahb b. Munabbih (R.A) said:

 This is what has been transmitted to us by Abu Huraira (R.A) from the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] and then narrated a hadith out of them and observed that the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: The prayer of none amongst you would be accepted in a state of impurity till he performs ablution.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 3, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0436:

Humran (R.A), the freed slave of ‘Uthman (R.A), said:

 Uthman b. ‘Affan (R.A) called for ablution water and this is how he performed the ablution. He washed his hands thrice. He then rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose with water (three times). He then washed his face three times, then washed his right arm up to the elbow three times, then washed his left arm like that, then wiped his head; then washed his right foot up to the ankle three times, then washed his left foot like that, and then said: I saw the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] perform ablution like this ablution of mine. Then the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: He who performs ablution like this ablution of mine and then stood up (for prayer) and offered two rak’ahs of prayer without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, all his previous sins are expiated. Ibn Shihab (R.A) said: Our scholars remarked: This is the most complete of the ablutions performed for prayer.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0438:

Humran (R.A). the freed slave of ‘Uthman (R.A) said:

 I heard from ‘Uthman b. ‘Affan (R.A) and he was in the courtyard of the Mosque, when the Mu’adhdhin (announcer of the prayer) came to him at the time of afternoon prayer. So the (‘Uthman (R.A)) called for the ablution water and performed ablution and then said: By ALLAH [S.W.T], I am narrating to you a hadith. If there were not a Verse in the Book of ALLAH [S.W.T], I would have never narrated it to you. I heard ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Messenger [S.A.W.S] say: If a Muslim performs ablution and does it well and offers prayer, all his (sins) during the period from one prayer to another would be pardoned by ALLAH [S.W.T].

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0442:

Humran (R.A), the freed slave of ‘Uthman (R.A) reported:

 I brought for Uthman b. ‘Affan (R.A) the ablution water. He performed ablution and then said: Verily the people narrate from the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] a hadith. I do not know what these are but (I know this fact) that I saw the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] perform ablution like this ablution of mine and then he said: He who performed ablution like this, all his previous sins would be expiated and his prayer and going towards the Mosque would have an extra reward. In the tradition narrated by Ibn ‘Abda (R.A) (the words are): “I came to Uthman (R.A) and he performed ablution.”

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0444:

Humran b. Abin (R.A) reported:

 I used to fetch water for ‘Uthman (R.A) for his purification. Never was there a day that he did not take a bath with a small quantity of water. And Uthman (R.A) said: The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] at the time of our returning from our prayer told us (certain things pertaining to purification). Mis’ar (R.A) said: I find that it was afternoon prayer. He said: I do not know whether I should tell you a thing or keep quiet. We said: Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], tell us if it is good and if it is otherwise, ALLAH [S.W.T] and HIS Apostle [S.A.W.S] know better. Upon this he said: A Muslim who purifies (himself) and completes purification as enjoined upon him by ALLAH [S.W.T] and then offers the prayers, that will be expiations (of his sins he committed) between these (prayers).

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0448:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Five prayers and from one Friday prayer to (the next) Friday prayer is an expiation (of the sins committed in between their intervals) if major sins are not committed.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0450:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 Verily the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadhan to Ramadhan are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0451:

‘Uqba b. ‘Amir (R.A) reported:

 We were entrusted with the task of tending the camels. On my turn when I came back in the evening after grazing them in the pastures, I found ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Messenger [S.A.W.S] stand and address the people. I heard these words of his: If any Muslim performs ablution well, then stands and prays two rak’ahs setting about them with his heart as well as his face, Paradise would be guaranteed to him. I said: What a fine thing is this! And a narrator who was before me said: The first was better than even this. When I cast a glance, I saw that it was ‘Umar (R.A) who said: I see that you have just come and observed: If anyone amongst you performs the ablution, and then completes the ablution well and then says: I testify that there is no god but ALLAH and that Muhammad [S.A.W.S] is the servant of ALLAH and HIS Messenger, the eight gates of Paradise would be opened for him and he may enter by whichever of them he wishes.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 4, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0452:

Uqba b. ‘Amir al-Juhani (R.A) reported:

 Verily the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said and then narrated (the Hadith) like one (mentioned above) except (this) that he said: He who performed ablution and said: I testify that there is no god but ALLAH, the One, there is no associate with HIM and I testify that Muhammad [S.A.W.S] is HIS servant and HIS Messenger.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 6, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0468:

‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr (R.A) reported:

 We returned from Mecca to Medina with the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], and when we came to some water on the way, some of the people were in a hurry at the time of the afternoon prayer and performed ablution hurriedly; and when we reached them, their heels were dry, no water had touched them. The Prophet [S.A.W.S] said: Woe to (dry) heels, because of Hell-fire. Make your ablution thorough.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 7, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0474:

Jabir (R.A) reported:

 ‘Umar b. Khattab (R.A) said that a person performed ablution and left a small part equal to the space of a nail (unwashed). The Apostle of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] saw that and said: Go back and perform ablution well. He then went back (performed ablution well) and offered the prayer.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 8, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0475:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Messenger [S.A.W.S] said: When a bondsman-a Muslim or a believer-washes his face (in course of ablution), every sin he contemplated with his eyes, will be washed away from his face along with water, or with the last drop of water; when he washes his hands, every sin they wrought will be effaced from his hands with the water, or with the last drop of water; and when he washes his feet, every sin towards which his feet have walked will be washed away with the water or with the last drop of water with the result that he comes out pure from all sins.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 8, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0476:

Uthman b. ‘Affan (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: He who performed ablution well, his sins would come out from his body, even coming out from under his nails.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 9, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0477:

Nu’aim b. ‘Abdullah al-Mujmir (R.A) reported:

 I saw Abu Huraira (R.A) perform ablution. He washed his face and washed it well. He then washed his right hand including a portion of his arm. He then washed his left hand including a portion of his arm. He then wiped his head. He then washed his right foot including his shank, and then washed his left foot including shank, and then said: This is how I saw ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Messenger [S.A.W.S] perform his ablution. And (Abu Huraira (R.A)) added that the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] had observed: You shall have your faces hands and feet bright on the Day of Resurrection because of your perfect ablution. He who can afford among you, let him increase the brightness of his forehead and that of hands and legs.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 9, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0479:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 Verily ALLAH [S.W.T]’s Messenger [S.A.W.S] said: My Cistern has its dimensions wider than the distance between Aila and Aden, and its water is whiter than ice and sweeter than the honey diluted with milk, and its cups are more numerous than the numbers of the stars. Verily I shall prevent the (faithless) people there from just as a man prevents the camels of the people from his fountain. They said: Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], will you recognize us on that day? He said: Yes, you will have distinctive marks that nobody among the peoples (except you) will have; you would come to me with blazing forehead and bright hands and feet on account of the traces of ablution.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 9, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0480:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: My people would come to me on the Cistern and I would drive away persons (from it) just as a person drives away other people’s camels from his camels. They (the hearers) said: Apostle of ALLAH [S.W.T], would you recognize us? He replied: Yes, you would have a mark which other people will not have. You would come to me with a white blaze on your foreheads and white marks on your feet because of the traces of ablution. A group among you would be prevented from coming to me, and they would not meet me, and I would say: O my LORD, they are my companions. Upon this an Angel (P.B.U.H) would reply to me saying: Do you know what these people did after you.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 9, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0482:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] came to the graveyard and said: Peace be upon you! The abode of the believing people and we if ALLAH [S.W.T] so wills, are about to join you. I love to see my brothers. They (the hearers (R.A)) said: Arn’t we your brothers-Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S]? He said: You are my companions (R.A), and our brothers are those who have, so far, not come into the world. They said: Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], how would you recognize those persons of your Ummah who have not yet been born? He said: Supposing a man had horses with white blazes on fore-heads and legs among horses which were all black, tell me, would he not recognize his own horses? They said: Certainly. Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S]. He said: They would come with white faces and arms and legs owing to ablution, and I would arrive at the Cistern before them. Some people would be driven away from my Cistern as the stray camel is driven away. I would call out. Come, come. Then it would be said (to me): These people changed themselves after you, and I would say: Be off, be off.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 9, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0485:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Should I not suggest to you that by which ALLAH [S.W.T] obliterates the sins and elevates the ranks (of a man). They (the hearers) said: Yes, Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S]. He said: Performing the ablution thoroughly despite odds, tranverside of more paces towards the Mosque, and waiting for the next prayer after observing a prayer, and that is mindfulness.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 10, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0494:

Ibn ‘Abbas (R.A) reported:

 That he spent a night at the house of the Apostle of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], The Apostle of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] got up for prayer in the latter part of the night. He went out and looked towards the sky and then recited this verse (190th) of Al-‘Imran: “Verily in the Creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day.” up to the (words) “save us from the torment of Hell.” He then returned to his house, used the tooth-stick, performed the ablution, and then got up and offered the prayer. He than lay down on the bed. and again got up and went out and looked towards the sky and recited this verse (mentioned above), then returned, used the tooth-stick, performed ablution and again offered the prayer.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 11, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0495:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 Five are the acts quite akin to the Fitra, or five are the acts of Fitra: circumcision, shaving the pubes, cutting the nails, plucking the hair under the armpits and clipping the moustache.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 11, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0497:

Anas (R.A) reported:

 A time limit has been prescribed for us for clipping the moustache, cutting the nails, plucking hair under the armpits, shaving the pubes, that it should not be neglected far more than forty nights.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 11, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0500:

Ibn Umar (R.A) said:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Act against the polytheists, trim closely the moustache and grow beard.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 11, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0502:

‘A’isha (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S]: Ten are the acts according to fitra: clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, snuffing water in the nose, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the armpits, shaving the pubes and cleaning one’s private parts with water. The narrator said: I have forgotten the tenth, but it may have been rinsing the mouth.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 12, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0504:

Salman (R.A) reported:

 That it was said to him: Your Apostle [S.A.W.S] teaches you about everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes, he has forbidden us to face the Qibla at the time of excretion or urination, or cleansing with right hand or with less than three pebbles, or with dung or bone.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 12, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0508:

Abu Huraira (R.A) said:

 When any one amongst you squats for answering the call of nature, he should neither turn his face towards the Qibla nor turn his back towards it.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 13, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0514:

‘A’isha (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] loved to start from the right-hand side for performing ablution, for combing (the hair) and wearing the shoes.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 14, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0516:

Abu Huraira (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] said: Be on your guard against two things which provoke cursing. They (the Companions (R.A) present there) said: Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], what are those things which provoke cursing? He said: Easing on the thoroughfares or under the shades (where they take shelter and rest).

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 18, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0541:

Abu Huraira (R.A) said:

 When anyone amongst you wakes up from sleep, he must not put his hand in the utensil till he has washed it three times, for he does not know where his hand was during the night.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 26, Book 2: Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah), Number 0575:

Ibn Abbas (R.A) reported:

 The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] happened to pass by two graves and said: They (their occupants) are being tormented, but they are not tormented for a grievous sin. One of them carried tales and the other did not keep himself safe from being defiled by urine. He then called for a fresh twig and split it into two parts, and planted them on each grave and then said: Perhaps, their punishment way be mitigated as long as these twigs remain fresh.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 27, Book 3: Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid), Number 0715:

‘A’isha (R.A) reported:

 She had borrowed from Asma’ (R.A) (her sister) a necklace and it was lost. The Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] sent men to search for it. As it was the time for prayer, they offered prayer without ablution (as water was not available there). When they came to the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S], they made a complaint about it, and the verses pertaining to Tayammum were revealed. Upon this Usaid b. Hadair (R.A) said (to ‘A’isha (R.A)): May ALLAH [S.W.T] grant you a good reward! Never has been there an occasion when you were beset with difficulty and ALLAH [S.W.T] did not make you come out of that and made it an occasion of Blessing for the Muslims.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 32, Book 3: Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid), Number 0733:

Qatida (R.A) reported:

 I heard Anas (R.A) as saying that the Companion (R.A) of the Messenger of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] dozed off and then offered prayer and did not perform ablution. He (the narrator) said: I asked him if he had actually heard it from Anas (R.A). He said: By ALLAH [S.W.T]. Yes.

Sahih Muslim: Chapter 32, Book 3: Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid), Number 0734:

Anas (R.A) reported:

 (The people) stood up for the night prayer when a man spoke forth: I need to say something. The Apostle of ALLAH [S.W.T] [S.A.W.S] entered into secret conversation with him, till the people dozed off or some of the people (dozed off), and then they said the prayer.

 

Kalimah Tayyibah [The Holy Code]

لآَ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللَّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ اللهِ

Pronunciation:

Laa Ilaaha Illaal-Laahu Muhammadur-Rasulul-Lah [Salla’Allahuu Alayhi Wa-Sallaam]

Translation:

There is none worthy of Worship but ALLAH Muhammad [May ALLAH Bless him and grant him Peace] is the Messenger of ALLAH.

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